CBD is Cannabidiol, one of the many cannabinoids found in both cannabis and hemp.
No. CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid.
There are more than one hundred unique chemical compounds found in both the cannabis and hemp plants called cannabinoids. The two most famous cannabinoids are CBD and THC. THC is the intoxicating cannabinoid that acts as a euphoriant and gets you "high". CBD is the non-psychoactive, non-intoxicating cannabinoid that has recently received so much attention in the health and Wellness space.
Cannabis and hemp are actually two varieties of the same plant species-Cannabis Sativa. Because they share the same species name, there is a lot of confusion around the differences between them. Both varieties produce cannabinoids. Hemp is the variety of Cannabis Sativa that has been bread to have very low levels of THC (0.3% or less) and high levels of CBD. In fact, to be legally considered hemp, the cannabis plant must have no more that 0.3% THC.
Hemp, like many plants, can absorb the toxins and impurities in the air and soil in which it is grown. Some hemp extracts on the market come from other countries and may contain heavy metals and other chemical contaminants. All of the CBD products we carry are derived from hemp cultivated in the USA. Which allows the highest standards of quality and purity.
The endogenous cannabinoid system, named after the plant that led to its discovery, is perhaps the most important physiologic system involved in establishing and maintaining human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells. In each tissue, the cannabinoid system performs different tasks, but the goal is always the same: homeostasis, the maintenance of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the external environment.
Cannabinoids promote homeostasis at every level of biological life, from the sub-cellular, to the organism, and perhaps to the community and beyond. Here's one example: autophagy, a process in which a cell sequesters part of its contents to be self-digested and recycled, is mediated by the cannabinoid system. While this process keeps normal cells alive, allowing them to maintain a balance between the synthesis, degradation, and subsequent recycling of cellular products, it has a deadly effect on malignant tumor cells, causing them to consume themselves in a programmed cellular suicide. The death of cancer cells, of course, promotes homeostasis and survival at the level of the entire organism.
Endocannabinoids and cannabinoids are also found at the intersection of the body's various systems, allowing communication and coordination between different cell types. At the site of an injury, for example, cannabinoids can be found decreasing the release of activators and sensitizers from the injured tissue, stabilizing the nerve cell to prevent excessive firing, and calming nearby immune cells to prevent release of pro-inflammatory substances. Three different mechanisms of action on three different cell types for a single purpose: minimize the pain and damage caused by the injury.
The endocannabinoid system, with its complex actions in our immune system, nervous system, and all of the body's organs, is literally a bridge between body and mind. By understanding this system we begin to see a mechanism that explains how states of consciousness can promote health or disease.
In addition to regulating our internal and cellular homeostasis, cannabinoids influence a person's relationship with the external environment. Socially, the administration of cannabinoids clearly alters human behavior, often promoting sharing, humor, and creativity. By mediating neurogenesis neuronal plasticity, and learning, cannabinoids may directly influence a person's open-mindedness and ability to move beyond limiting patterns of thought and behavior from past situations. Reformatting these old patterns is an essential part of health in our quickly changing environment.
Dr. Dustin Sulak D.O.